Today, in this article below, we would be talking about the wildlife sanctuaries which are located in Assam and we would be discussing in brief below.


National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam

Assam is a utmost beautiful state gracefully lying in the northeastern part of India. Assam, which literally means ‘ a peerless land’. It is a region where nature herself has painted the vibrant landscape, hillocks, woods, brooks and streams, flora and fauna and above all the affectionate people. Assam is synonymous with unspoled natural beauty, temning wildlife, immaculate tea gardens and warm, i beufiul pople. I's stracgic location in the northeast of India, and it's acessbility fom the rest of the country makes it the gateway to the northeasterm states. The state is home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Wildlife in Assam are a heterogeneous mixture of a variety of landscapes, vegetation, birds and animals. Assam is home to many rare and endangered endemic wildlife. Pygmy hog is only found in India. The other unique species includes Great One-Horned. There are many wildlife sanctuaries in Assam that will take you closer to nature.
Assam National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
There are 5 National Parks and 18 Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam. Out of the National Parks, Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.


National Park in Assam

There are 5 National Parks in Assam, in below List.
  1. Kaziranga National Park
  2. Manas National Park
  3. Dibru – Saikhowa National Park
  4. Nameri National Park
  5. Orang National Park(Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park)
National Park Location/District Area (km²)
Kaziranga National Park Golaghat,Nagaon & Karbi Anglong 858.98
Manas National Park Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, Bajali, Udalguri, and Darrang 950.00
Nameri National Park Sonitpur 200.00
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Dibrugarh and Tinsukia 340.00
Orang National Park Darrang,Udalguri and Sonitpur district 78.81

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam

There are 18 Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam. in below List.
  • Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Burachapori Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Panidehing Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bherjan - Borajan - Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary
  • East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Marat Longri Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nambor - Doigrung Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Borail Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Deepar Beel Wildlife Sanctuary
Wildlife Sanctuaries Location/District Visit Time
Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong November to April
Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary Nagaon November to March
Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary row3 col 2 November to April
Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary row4 col 2 November to April
Burachapori Wildlife Sanctuary Sonitpur November to March
Panidehing Wildlife Sanctuary Sivasagar November to March
Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary Jorhat July & February to March
Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary Marigaon November to March
Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary Sonitpur November to April
Bherjan - Borajan - Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary Tinsukia October to April
East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong November to April
Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong November to April
Marat Longri Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong November to March
Nambor - Doigrung Wildlife Sanctuary Golaghat October to March
Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary row15 col 2 October to April
Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary row16 col 2 September to March
Borail Wildlife Sanctuary row17 col 2 October to March
Deepar Beel Wildlife Sanctuary row18 col 2 October to April
Bordoibam Bilmukh Bird Wildlife Sanctuary (Proposed) Dhemaji December to February
North Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary (Proposed) Karbi Anglong November to April


Biosphere Reserve in Assam

  1. Manas
  2. Dibru-Saikhowa
Biosphere Reserves
Manas
Dibru-Saikhowa


Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam

Bura-Chapuri Wildlife Sanctuary- Sonitpur- Assam
Bura-Chapori is a magnificent wildlife sanctuary situated on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra in Sonitpur disrict. Coverage area of the park is about 44-sq-kms. Bura-Chopai is considered to be the ideal habitat for Bengal Florican. Various species of migratory birds are also seen in this sanctuary. Oher atractions are the Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Asiatic Bufalo, Wild Boar, Oter, Civet Cat, Leopard Cat and Barking Deer etc. There are various species of reptiles also found over here.

Dibru - Saikhowa Wildlife Sanctuary: Assam
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is a biosphere reserve located on the alluvial flood plains of Brahmaputra in Uper ssam butting on Anunachal the land of the rsing sun in the Eastern Himalays. It is at the junction of the revered Lohit and the great Brahmaputra originating from the sacred Mansrovar in Westrm Tibet in the" shadow of Mount Kailash. Dibru-saikhowa National Park is unique park tashioned by nature by earth quakes and ever changing water courses over time into numerous island pockets and water bodies providing a very unusual habitat for varied wildite, aqua fauna and avifauna. The Park stretches over 350 square km on the Southern bank of the Birahmaputra. Its vegetation comprises of mainly semi-wet evergreen forest, tropical most deciduous forest, bamboo and cane. A great variety of orchids blossom in the park. The Parks is an ideal habitat for many animals and brds It is home to feral horses and the rare Ganges River Dolphin besides the Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Clouded Leopard, east india Elephant, Hoolock Gibbon, Asiatic Wild Buffao and a variety of deer besides other wildife. There are number of local and migratory birds in its numerous water bodies. This includes the White Winged Wood Duck, Bengal Florican, Great East Indian Hombill; East Indian pied Hornbil,Spot Billed Pelican, Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Strok, Palas's Fishing Eagle, Greater Spotted Eagle, Swamp Fran Colin and Blyth's Kingfisher.

Kaziranga National Park: East of Guwahati- Assam
Kaziranga National Park lies on the south bank of the Brahmaputra and its boundary for the most part follows the Mora Diphlu Rivcr and runs parallel to National lighway No. 37. It covers an area of 688 sq kilometers. The Park was firs established in 1908, as a reserve forest with only about a dozen thinos and was declared a National Park in 1974.
Assam National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
Flora and Fauna: Kaziranga is famous for the great One-Hlorned Rhinos. Tigers, which are natural enemies of rhinos ar also there in sizable numbers in this area. Other attrctions of this national park include the wild buffalo, magnificent swamp deer, hog dece, wild boar, Hoolock gibbon, capped langur and ratel (badger). A wide variety of snakes including the rock python and the monitor lizards also found here. Amongst the birds, i the crested sepent eagle is common while pala's fishing eagle and gray-headed fishing eagle are frequenlly seen. Others include the Bengal floricab, bar-headed goose, whistling teal and pelican.

Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary - Nagaon - Assam
Laokhow a Wildife Sanctuary, located in Nagaon disrict of Assam was regarded as one of the rich and diverse wilite area of Assam till 1980s. The Sanctuary covers an area of 70 sq km and harboured wildife like the endangered Great Indian One Hored Rlhino, Royal Bengal Tiger,Elephant, Asiatic water Buffao,over 200 species of birds, including the Bengal Florican. Till 1983, the rhino population was around 70.

Manas National Park: Guwahati -Assam
Manas is situated in Assam spread over an area of 391 sq km, earlier it was known as North kamnup, delared as a sanctuary on December 01, 1928. It was accorded the status of World Heritage Site in 1985.
Fauna: Manas houses 19 of India's most endangered animal populations. It has the largest population of tigers among Indian reservs. It is a home to the rare golden langur. The prominent fauna here are the rhino, wild bulfaos, elephants, gaur, swamp deer, capped langur and clouded leopard. The main highight of the park is the giant hormbill. wo subspecies of which, the pied and grey varieties are to be found here lt extends into the foothills of Bhutan where it is called the Royal Manas National Park.
Its wetlands are of international importance and essential for the surval of the fast-vanishing hispid hare and pygmy hog Golden Langur, hin, wild bufaos, clephants, gaur, swamp dr, capped langur and clouded leopard, giant hornbill. Butterflies and reptiles are also found aplenty in Manas.

Nameri National Park- Sonitpur - Assam
Situated at the foothils of casten Himalayas, Nameri National Park covers an area of about 200-sq-kms. The hilly backdrop, deciduous and the river Jia Bhoroli have added a unique charm to it. It is about 35-km from Tezpur town, which is 181-km from Guwahati. The rich wildlifc that this park includes are Tiger, clephant, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Indian Bison, Pangolin, Indian wild dog, Civet Cat, Capped Langur, Jackal etc. Various birds including the four species of Hornbill and reptiles are also found here.

Orang National Park- Tezpur- Assam
Popularly known as mini Kaziranga. Orang national park covers 72-sq-kms only and is located towards the north bank of Brahamaputra. This park is 150-km from Guwahati and 31-km from Tezpur. On October ist, i 1992 Orang Wildife Sanctuary was renamed as Rajib (Rajiv) Gandhi Wildife Sanctuary. Of the most coveted atractions here are the one-horned rhinoceros, elephants, leopard, sambar, barkng er, tger, varetiesof ater birds, green pigeon, florcn, teal, gesce and lots more. During winter birds from far off places come here to nestle. Milky white Pelicans from America also migrate over here.

Pabha or Milroy Sanctuary - Lakhimpur - Assam
Located in Lakhimpur District, the Pabha Sanctuary spreads in an area of 49-sq-km. Thus Sanctuary was created to protect the wild water buffialo. 

Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary: Morigaon - Assam
Situated in the Morigaon district, Pabitora is one of the maior wildlife anctuaries of Assam. It is situated about 50-km from Guwahati city. Covering an area of 15.9-sq-km, Pabitora is mainly famous for its Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros.
Assam National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
Fauna: Indian One Horned Rhino, Leopard, Jackel, wild Boar, Chinese Pangolin, Smooth Indian Oter, Large Indian Civet Cat, Small Indian Civet Cat, etc. Birds: Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork,  White-necked Stork, Black-necked Stork, Spotblled Pelican, Swamp Francolin, White-belled Heron, White Ibis, Greylag Goose, Ferruginous Duck, Falcated Teal, etc.

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