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Monsoon Rain in Assam 

Monsoon Rain in Assam The Monsoon clouds of the south-west crossing the Bay of Bengal crosses the Barail nad Khasi hills and moves to the Brahmaputra Valley. One another stream crosses very high speed, the high mountains (Monsoon Rain in Assam ) of the North-East and the North-East prevent the wind to cross over the China or Upper Burma. This is the main cause of heavy rainfall in the North-East Region.

Monsoon Rain in Assam
Monsoon Rain in Assam 


The Nature of Soil in Assam hills

The hills and hillocks of Assam are generally either extention of the Khasi-Jayantiya or Meghalaya rock formations in the Karnrup. Goalpara. Nowgan, Darrang, Sonitpur and Karbi Anglong or extension of the Patkai, Nagahills and Barail range in other parts. The hill areas soil condition is heavily eroded and in most cases the stratifed eroded rocks are at the top with narrow or very thin layers of humous. In sone (Monsoon Rain in Assam ) areas there is igneous rocks like granite and Bassaults. The top layers are generally covered with top grasslands like bamboo forests and patches of deciduous forests reaching the top canopy of more than 45 meters. But once the forests are cleared for jhooming, the top soil is generally washed away making the infertile, unsuitable for cultivation. 

The Ganga Sind Brahmaputra plain

The largest plain of the North India is extending on the one hand the west and merges with the plains of the Sind river and on the other hand it is merging with the Ganga-Brahmaputra-Burak valley of Bangladesh and 800 kilometers long. Brahmaputra valley of the North East. The soil type of this plain is either alluvial or sandi-loamy and sandy.

 The alluvial type of soil is divided into two types. These are old alluvial and new alluvial. The old alluvial soil is generally used for a very very long period and therefore exposed to sun, wind and rain. Further (Monsoon Rain in Assam ) there are the effects of human activities. That is why this type of soil is generally hard, less fertile. The dissolvable and erosion-prone parts of the soil are already washed away by rain water, wind and destroyed by too much exposure and human activities including use of chemicals and fertilisers of various types. This type of soil is found in some parts of Panjab, UP, Uttaranchal, Bihar and Assam. Salinity of this type of soil is higher. 

Monsoon Rain in Assam
Monsoon Rain in Assam 

The New alluvial soil is found everywhere in the flood enundated areas. This type of soil is loamy, free from sand and (Monsoon Rain in Assam ) sandy substances. Hence, this type of soil is suitable for all sorts of agriculture. The soil of major parts of Panjab. and Uttar Pradesh, Hariyana, Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal and Assam. Flood and Erosion in Assam.

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