Assam ARTS Music Drama

Assam ARTS Music Drama, Assam has been a land of music and dance is borne out by evidences, both direct and indirect, obtainable from epigraphic, sculptural. historical and literary sources. While references to musicians and dancers are frequently met with in old inscriptions and other records, old sculptures abound in panels depicting singing and dancing scenes. 


Music

Assam-ARTS-Music-Drama

Music
 Raga music must have made its entry into this area very early on. The Charyapadas composed in the Northeastern region between 8th and I lth centuries were meant for rendering in specific ragas like Pata-Manjari, Gavada, Guijari. and so on. This tradition seems to have been carried down through the centuries as can be surmised from the fact that Assamese Panchali poets of the 16th century used for their lyrical compo-sitions a set of ragas, some of which had identical names with Charyapada ragas. The Vaishnavite saints were connoisseurs of classical music. 


Oja-pali

Assam-ARTS-Music-Drama
Oja-Pali

Oja-pali
is a very old performing art form of Assam, which combines narrative singing `vith dancing and dramatic interludes. The music of Oja-pall has a raga system of clearly classical orientation, and the concerned dance recalls classical movements, postures and hand-gestures. The classical elements are more pronounced in the Vaishnavite variety of Oja-pali than in the Sakta variety.


Neo-Vaishnavite

Assam ARTS Music Drama
Neo-Vaishnavite

Neo-Vaishnavite
some of the best treasures of Assamese performing arts are associated with the neo-Vaishnavite heritage and best preserved in the Satras First, there are the Vaishnavite musical forms of which the most remarkable is a classical genre with distinctive system of ragas and talits introduced by the great vinous sankardeva. This genre is represented by bargits- literally meaning great songs, which are highly refined devotional compositions -- and natar gits or songs incorporated in dramas. Also worthy of mention is the satriya dance, so cal led because its association with the satras, which has all the ingredients of an Indian classical dance and which has gained all India notice as such. 
then there is the bahona the Vaishnava dramatic performance, which owes its genesis to the dramas written and produced by sankardeva with great originality, and which is the Assamese cognate of the Yaksha-gana of Karnataka, the Kathakali of Kerala, the Bhagavatamela of Andrha Pradesh and the Ramleela and Rashleela of utter Pradesh.


Bhaona

Assam ARTS Music Drama
Bhaona

Bhaona
The ideal type of Bhona is the Ankiya Bhaona involving the performance of a play composed by Sankardeva or Madhavadeva, clearly reminiscent of the orthodox Sanskrit drama tradition. But ordinary per-formances have more of down-to-earth characteristics and often verge on the folk. While the Oja-pali art form also contains dramatic elements, much of these are folk nature. The Dhulias of the Kamrup region are panics of drummers who, apart from providing music on auspicious and festive occasions, perform spectacular acro-batic feats over and above, present dramatic skits saturated with wit, humour and sarcasm of a rough and ready nature. Kushan-gan and Bhari-gan are two popular folk drama forms of the Goalpara reaion, of which the former relies more on music and dance while the later is distinguished by the use of heavy


Masks

Assam ARTS Music Drama
Masks

Masks
As for folk songs and folk dances for which Assam is famous, a sizeable proportion of the rich and varied fare happens to be intimately linked up with rituals, ceremonies and festivals of the various com-munities both tribal and non-tribal.